TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 020
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 0859Z 28 FEB 2010
ESTIMATED INITIAL TSUNAMI WAVE ARRIVAL TIMES AT FORECAST POINTS WITHIN THE WARNING AND WATCH AREAS ARE GIVEN BELOW. ACTUAL ARRIVAL TIMES MAY DIFFER AND THE INITIAL WAVE MAY NOT BE THE LARGEST. A TSUNAMI IS A SERIES OF WAVES AND THE TIME BETWEEN SUCCESSIVE WAVES CAN BE FIVE MINUTES TO ONE HOUR.
LOCATION FORECAST POINT COORDINATES ARRIVAL TIME.
LOCATION FORECAST POINT COORDINATES ARRIVAL TIME
——————————– ———— ————
JAPAN KUSHIRO 42.9N 144.3E 0435Z 28 FEB
KATSUURA 35.1N 140.3E 0453Z 28 FEB
HACHINOHE 40.5N 141.5E 0509Z 28 FEB
SHIMIZU 32.8N 133.0E 0557Z 28 FEB
OKINAWA 26.2N 127.8E 0610Z 28 FEB
Archive Photo, Japan, 2005:
SHIZUOKA, JAPAN – MARCH 3, 2005: A Tsunami wave is screened for the visitors to experience at Shizuoka Prefectural Earthquake Preparedness Education Centre on March 3, 2005 in Shizuoka City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. The Japanese Island is based on four different tectonic plates around the Shizuoka Prefecture area, the Pacific and Eurasian plates are situated underneath creating disastrous earthquakes in this area every 100 years to 150 years. The last quake hit in 1854 making the next earthquake imminent. If the next big Tokai Earthquake comes, a 2 to 10 meter high Tsunami is expected to hit the city. Many countermeasures are taken to prevent the area where most of the population live along the sea. (Photo by Junko Kimura/Getty Images)
HONOLULU, HAWAII: A crowd of people watch Oahu’s southern shore in anticipation of a possible tsunami along Tantalus Drive in Honolulu, Hawaii on February 27(Sunday 28th, NZ Time), 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii. Residents stocked up on food and emergency supplies in preparation for a potentially damaging tsunami, after a massive 8.8 magnitude earthquake hit central Chile which sent waves across the Pacific Ocean. Before evening Pacific Time the tsunami warning was canceled by the Tsunami Warning Center. In Chile so far over 100 deaths have been reported with numbers expected to rise. (Photo by Kent Nishimura/Getty Images).
Teresa Burge and Bill Bodnar of Calgary, Alberta, Canada walk along Waikiki Beach February 27, 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Jake Fender and Jason Heun sit atop their van on Round Top Drive on February 27, 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii to await the tsunami.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI: A Haitian man holds the photo of his dead son at the GOC university ruins on January 19, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Humanitarian aid is beginning to reach many of the survivors of last week’s deadly magnitude 7.0 earthquake amid fatalities estimated in the tens of thousands and widespread devastation. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
Miche Guerieri, 21, sits on a boat with her six-week-old baby after spending three days on a crowded ship off the coast of Port-au-Prince January 20, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Hundreds of displaced Haitians have taken refuge on ships in Haiti’s damaged port inlets, waiting for boats to help them escape from the squalid, earthquake-damaged capital.
Aid has started trickling out to Haitians devastated by last weeks earthquake that ravaged the country, though many fear not enough will reach desparate citizens in time to prevent humanitarian catastrophe. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images).
Haitians wait in line for the distribution of food by members of the 2nd brigade of the 82nd Airborne January 19, 2010 in the town of Terra Noire just outside Port-au-Prince.
Scenes in Haiti This Week
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI: Soldiers from the U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division walk to a Navy helicopter to be dropped off to secure an area to drop in food and water supplies near the Cite Soleil area, as relief contiues to arrive after the massive earthquake January 18, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Planeloads of rescuers and relief supplies headed to Haiti as governments and aid agencies launched a massive relief operation after a powerful earthquake that may have killed thousands. Many buildings were reduced to rubble by the 7.0-strong quake on January 12. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images).
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI – JANUARY 18: A U.S. Army soldier carries an injured child from a helicopter as she is brought in for care after being hurt during the massive earthquake.
Haitian-US citizens earthquake survivors waiting at the airport to leave Port-au-Prince return to USA, on January 17, 2010. The airport congestion also touched off diplomatic rows between the US military and other donor nations. France and Brazil both lodged official complaints that the US military, in control of the international airport, had denied landing permission to relief flights from their countries. Photo by Tolga Adanali/AA/ABACAPRESS.COM
Editor’s Note: Over recent days, there has been reported criticism from within Haiti, and formal complaints laid by France and Brazil, and its aid agencies, that the US soldiers were “occupying” Haiti, and not prioritising medical workers. Clearly, the US Military are providing medical aid, and other relief, on a scale we have never before witnessed. After the challenges with airport congestion in Haiti, and aid reportedly not reaching people in need, someone needed to step in, take control and ensure there was an orderly process in order at Haiti Airport. The Haitian Government, under the circumstances, were incapable of doing that. Good on the US Military for stepping in, and stepping on diplomatic and aid agency toes, to ensure aid reached people in need. Haitians were crying out for help. Now the US military are in Haiti, they’re now facing criticism for doing a job they were called on to do as part of the international effort. In case governments and aid agencies need reminding, the US military are responding , along with Mexico, France, Brazil, Israel and others, to a catastrophic crisis of devastating proportions. Give them a break .
Patients affected by the recent earthquake wait outside the Killick Haitian Coast Guard base clinic to receive treatment from U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard medical workers, January 16, 2010. (Candice Villarreal/US Navy News Photo/MCT).
Medical staff from the U.S. Navy, left, and U.S. Coast Guard, right, treat earthquake victims at the Killick Haitian Coast Guard base clinic in Haiti, January 16, 2010. (Candice Villarreal/US Navy News Photo/MCT).
Naval Air Crewman 2nd Class Jason Harold of Goldsboro, North Carolina, transfers a young Haitian earthquake victim from an SH-60B Seahawk helicopter during a medical evacuation in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Saturday, January 16, 2010. (Candice Villarreal/US Navy News Photo/MCT).
Dr. Sanjay Gupta examines an injured Haitian girl in the medical facility aboard the Nimitz-class nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) near Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, on January 18, 2010. Gupta, a practicing neurosurgeon and reporter for the CNN news network, was brought to the ship to assist in performing brain surgery on a 12-year-old Hatian girl. UPI/Erin Oberholtzer/U.S. Navy.
Cmdr. Jerry Berman, left, a Navy surgeon, Dr. Henri R. Ford, Los Angles Pediatric Hospital Surgeon-in-Chief originally from Haiti, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, a CNN medical correspondent and practicing neurosurgeon, and Lt. Cmdr. Kathryn Berndt, a Navy surgeon, prepare a 12-year-old Haitian girl with a severe head injury for surgery aboard the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson near Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, on January 18, 2010. Surgeons removed a piece of concrete from the child’s brain caused by the earthquake in Haiti. UPI/Michael Barton/U.S. Navy.
U.S. military members distribute food and water to Haitian citizens in Port-Au-Prince on January 17(UPI/US Navy)
A Haitian boy receives his meal-ready-to eat (MRE) and bottled water from U.S. military members that are distributing food and water at one of the distribution points in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on January 17(UPI/Laura A. Moore/US Navy)
A SH-60F Sea Hawk helicopter arrives to deliver water and supplies on January 15, 2010 to Port-au-Prince (UPI/Daniel Barker/U.S. Navy).
Sailors from the United States Navy deliver an injured U.S. citizen to USS Carl Vinson on Friday, January 15, 2010. Health Services department moved the man to one of the deck elevators for transfer to the ship’s medical facility. Carl Vinson and Carrier Air Wing 17 are conducting humanitarian and disaster relief operations in Haiti in response to the January 12, 2010, earthquake disaster. (Adrian White/US Navy News Photo/MCT)
U.S. Army soldiers unload food and supplies on January 15, 2010 from a U.S. Navy MH-53E Sea Dragon helicopter from the aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) at the airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.(UPI/Candice B. Villarreal/U.S. Navy).
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI – earlier today: A child sits in his father’s arms as they camp at a makeshift site after their home was destroyed by the massive earthquake. Planeloads of rescuers and relief supplies headed to Haiti as governments and aid agencies launched a massive relief operation after a powerful earthquake that may have killed thousands. Many buildings were reduced to rubble by the 7.3-strong quake on January 12. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
These photos were taken earlier today in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Please be warned: some images are graphic and may disturb.
A man requests help to remove bodies from under the rubbles.
People look on as rescue workers try to reach children begging for help from under the rubble of what is left of the St Gerard building.
A man tries to quiet a crowd down so they can listen to the children begging for help from under the rubble of what is left of the St Gerard building.
A women lies on her hospital bed as she waits for care at the main hospital after being injured during the massive earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Haitians dig out rubble by hand at the site of a collapsed school where dozens of students are feared buried.
Haitians walk on the fringe of a displaced persons camp days after the earthquake.
Haitians look at the rubble of the once-ornate National Palace that collapsed during the earthquake.
A Haitian man turns away from the sight of hundreds of bodies piled up outside the morgue and main hospital in Port-au-Prince.
Hands from bodies pile up outside the morgue and main hospital.
Local water company ‘Fraicheu Local’ distributes free water
Rubble of the once-ornate National Palace that collapsed.
Members of FAIRFAX COUNTY Urban Search and Rescue search a collapsed section of the Hotel Montana on January 14, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti during a search for survivors. Eight people, including 7 Americans, have been rescued from the rubble of the hotel. UPI/Joshua Lee Kelsey/U.S. Navy.
Members of Fairfax County Urban Search and Rescue scale a collapsed section of the Hotel Montana.
Members of Fairfax County Urban Search and Rescue search a collapsed section of the Hotel Montana
Richard Santos, from Washington DC, is carried from the rubble of the Hotel Montana by members of Fairfax County Urban Search and Rescue on January 14, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
BELGIAN emergency workers stand as they labor to free Rosemene Josiane, 28, who had been trapped in the rubble of her house for days after the earthquake.
A group of B-FAST (Belgian First Aid and Support Team) members worked most of the day to free the woman, who had her legs pinned under concrete; in the end, the emergency workers had to anesthetize her and amputate one leg to free her. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images).
Neighbors cry out prayers of thanks after Belgian emergency workers save Rosemene Josiane, 28, who has been trapped in the rubble of her house for days since the earthquake.
People, earlier today, carry a coffin of a relative killed by the massive earthquake.
Search and Rescue workers from MEXICO carry their dog as they searches for survivors trapped under the rubble of what is left of a building after the massive earthquake.
A MEXICAN rescue team with search dogs attempts to save suvivors under a seven story building.
People who lost their homes when the massive earthquake struck take up shelter under makeshift tents in the parks in front of the Presidential Palace.
A women waits for care at the main hospital after being injured during the massive earthquake.
A woman requests assistance as local water companies distribute free water as relief efforts continue.
Earlier today, rescue workers educate and coordinate with the population relief efforts days after the earthquake.
Search and rescue team members from the Dominican Republic nap after working the night shift near the Port au Prince airport
Latest Photos: Earthquake Devastates Haitians; Waiting for Aid (be warned, some pictures may disturb)Posted: January 15, 2010
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI: A women tends to an injured relative at a small clinic after she was caught in the massive earthquake on January 14, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Planeloads of rescuers and relief supplies headed to Haiti as governments and aid agencies launched a massive relief operation after a powerful earthquake killing possibly thousands. Numerous buildings were reduced to rubble by the 7.3-strong quake on January 12. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
In a country that has been totally dependent on the United Nations and the Red Cross even before the earthquake, the biggest blow to a swift humanitarian response in Haiti is the United Nations Mission has suffered a major blow with more than 150 staff still missing, presumed buried under rubble.The UN Haiti mission has about 1700 staff including 1200 Haitians. Among those reportedly still missing in Haiti is the head of the UN mission.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI – JANUARY 13: A man holds a severely injured woman, while waiting for assistance in the town of Canape Vert January 13, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Planeloads of rescuers and relief supplies headed to Haiti as governments and aid agencies launched a massive relief operation after a powerful earthquake that may have killed thousands. (Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images).
US President Barack Obama ordered a swift and aggressive US rescue effort, while the European Union activated its crisis systems and the Red Cross and United Nations unlocked emergency funds and supplies for the destitute nation. Much of Port-au-Prince was reduced to rubble by the 7.0-strong quake on January 12 but the airport was operational, opening the way for international relief aid to be ferried in by air as well as by sea.
BBC World Service’s Andy Gallagher reported this morning that there isn’t really any sense or signs of any kind of organised international aid relief, or search and rescue, in earthquake-stricken Haiti.
Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince is seen from an aerial assessment mission by the American Red Cross.
BBC’s Gallagher, as he walked the rubble-strewn streets of Haiti:
…I barely saw anyone of any official capacity, just perhaps one Haitian police car and one Haitian ambulance.
…Still no signs of international aid..People keep asking me and stopping me and asking me, where is the help, where is the supplies, where are the promises that have been made? People just feel desperate, but more than anything else, for now completely alone.
People walk in the streets after the earthquake.
An injured women is seen at a makeshift field hospital in Port-au-Prince
Queried about reported problems getting aid into the international airport at Haiti, Gallagher said:
…I can hear what sounds like a C130 military plane either coming in or going out….definite activity there. The airport runway we were lead to believe was badly damaged in the earthquake but when I landed last night, it seems that the runway is fine, there is power at the airport, the runway lights do work at night, there were aircraft taking off and landing last night.
People wait in line for water from the fire department after the earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
A casualty is identified with a makeshift toe tag on January 13, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. (Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images).
A car remains parked outside the ruins of a cafe January 13, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Outside the Villa Creole Hotel in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Thursday, January 14, 2010, the injured from surrounding areas have come for shelter and medical attention by a medical NGO, Hope for Haiti. (Carl Juste/Miami Herald/MCT)
Haitian men transport a male earthquake victim after recovering him underneath debris in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. (Carl Juste/Miami Herald/MCT)
Haitian men transport a male earthquake victim after recovering him underneath debris in Port-au-Prince. (Carl Juste/Miami Herald/MCT)
Roselyn Joseph, left, gets help in placing the body of her daughter, Emanuela Aminise, 14, inside a coffin, in Port-au-Prince.(Carl Juste/Miami Herald/MCT).
A group of women mourn and react is disbelief as the body of the daughter of the woman in the center turns missing in Port-au-Prince.(Carl Juste/Miami Herald/MCT).
A woman whose leg was amputated tries to lie down on a make-shift bed inside the Eliazar Germain General Hospital where the injured seek medical help, but the medical facility has no doctors in Port-au-Prince. (Carl Juste/Miami Herald/MCT).
A man looks at the body of a dead man outside the Villa Creole Hotel in Port-au-Prince.
A young girl gets medical attention for her injuries outside the Villa Creole Hotel in Port-au-Prince.
A young boy tries to rest on his mother’s lap outside the Villa Creole Hotel
Gladys Loiuis Jeune is pulled alive from the rubble of her home after nearly 43 hours where she was greeted by her ecstatic daughter in Port-au-Prince. (Patrick Farrell/Miami Herald/MCT)
A woman reaches joyously to Gladys Louis Jeune.
The body of a person is trapped in the rubble of a home destroyed by the massive earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
A man carrying a coffin through the streets. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
People look on as others search for survivors under a church in Port-au-Prince.(Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
Christopher Holmes from the Fairfax County Urban Search and Rescue searches for survivors in the rubble of a building in Port-au-Prince on 14th January.
A corpse is carried on a stretcher down a street.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI: A father carries his daughter after a major earthquake on January 12, 2010 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. A 7.0 earthquake rocked Haiti, followed by at least a dozen aftershocks, causing widespread devastation in the capital of Port-au-Prince. (Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images).
People search for survivors amongst the rubble of the Caribbean Super Market in Delmas. (Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images).
A wounded person is carried on a stretcher. (Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images)
A woman faints in the arms of a medic in an emergency clinic in Petionville.
A private house in Petion-ville Rue Louverture is badly damaged. (Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images)
Gregor Avril, the executive director of the Haitian Association of Industry, helps a wounded child with the support of artist/musician Mikaben.
Women wait on the floor at the emergency clinic of Petionville.(Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images)
Survivors sit in an emergency clinic in Petionville.(Photo by Frederic Dupoux/Getty Images)
SAN FRANCISCO — A team of U.S. Geological Survey scientists have developed a web service that combines seismic data about an earthquake with Tweets of surprise and angst from the popular microblogging service’s users.
The goal of the project is to improve emergency response by providing a crowdsourced window of the conditions on the ground immediately following a quake.
“Why would such a system work?” asked Paul Earle, a geologist at the USGS, at the American Geophysical Union fall meeting Monday. “Because people like to tweet after an earthquake.”
It turns out that the “Earthquake! Earthquake!” SOS that you tweet, aggregated with thousands of others, provides an excellent indication of the strength and severity of a quake. A little rumbler yields just a small spike, while a strong quake produces a huge spike in Twitter activity, as seen in the graph above.